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Posts Tagged ‘wmf’

my wmf bon bon dish3

This delightful silver-plated bon-bon dish featuring a simple and elegant design was manufactured by WMF (1) in Germany in the early 1910’s. Being a Biedermeier style piece, it is decorated with garlands of laurel leaves and flowers. Behind it, there is an oil on canvas painting by Carlos Miranda.

(1) WMF (Wurttembergische Metalwaren Fabrik) was by 1900 the world’s largest producer and exporter of household metal ware, mainly in classic Biedermeier and Rococo styles, very popular Jugendstil and Art Nouveau, and new twentieth-century German designs.

my wmf bon bon dish2

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WMF Marks

wmf mark 1wmf mark 2

wmf mark 4

WMF mark 5 1900-20wmf mark 10

wmf mark 8

wmf mark 6wmf mark 7

wmf mark 9

Other Examples

These images are used to show examples of WMF dishes:

Henkelschale WMF 1910Konfektschale wmfwmf 2

Henkelschale von WMFwmf 7wmf 9

wmf 11wmf 12WMF um 1900-20

wmf 6wmf 8wmf 18

wmf 14wmf 14bwmf 13

wmf 15wmf 15bwmf 17

WMF  Schale 1930wmf 21wmf 22

wmf 20wmf 23WMF  bon bon dish b1

WMF bon bon dishwmf.bowl.1wmf.bowl.1a

wmf 16wmf 10wmf 19

Biedermeier Style

“Bieder”: worthy, sedate, staid, also petit-bourgeois.

“Meier” : one of the commonest German surnames.

Biedermeier was an influential style from Germany and Austria during the years 1815 (Vienna Congress) and 1848 (the year of the European revolutions), based on utilitarian principles. The furniture, decorative arts, and paintings of the period reflected the taste of the newly emerging bourgeoisie. Emphasizing less extravagant means, a new standard of beauty was created through simplicity, proportion, utility and elegance. The Biedermeier style was a simplified interpretation of the influential French Empire Style of Napoleon I. The same style was known as Regency in England, Restoration in France, and Later Federal in USA, but Biedermeier was less ornate. The term became absorbed into foreign languages and from that point on signified a typically German style.

This style is associated with Germany’s greatest poet: Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832).

In 1776 Goethe stated that the power poetry (Dichtungskraft) needs an environment of familiarity and intimacy (Vertraulichkeit, Bedürfnis, Innigkeit).

Goethe and Friederike Brion

Goethe and Friederike Brion

“Ah, this charm is absent from the halls of the palaces of the great and from their gardens, which have been created but as passage ways, as places in which vanity displays itself. The power of poetry only lives where familiarity, necessity and intimacy reign. Woe to the artist who leaves his hut to court distraction in the palaces of the academics.” “After Falconet and about Falconet” 1776

“Ach dieser Zauber ist’s, der aus den Sälen der Großen und aus ihren Gärten flieht, die nur zum Durchstreifen, nur zum Schauplatz der aneinander hinwischenden Eitelkeit ausstaffiert und beschnitten sind. Nur da, wo Vertraulichkeit, Bedürfnis, Innigkeit wohnen, wohnt alle Dichtungskraft, und weh dem Künstler, der seine Hütte verläßt, um in den akademischen Pranggebäuden sich zu verflattern! “Nach Falconet und über Falconet” 1776

gartenhaus

Carlos Miranda


He was born in Córdoba, Argentina. His artwork is mostly made up of drawings and paintings around the social theme with forays into fantasy.


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This Christening mug is beautifully decorated with a representation of the Little Red Riding Hood in bas-relief.

Circa 1910, “ORIVIT” stamp mark to the base.

Orivit (1898-1905)

The ORIVIT AG was founded in 1894 as “Rheinische Broncegieserei fur Kleinplastiken” in Koln-Ehrenfeld (Germany) by Wilhelm Ferdinand Hubert Schmitz (1863-1939). The brand name Orivit was introduced in 1898 and was primarily meant for their pewter ware. Soon however, other materials as copper, brass and mountings for glass and porcelain were also stamped Orivit. In 1905 the Company was in a total financial collapse and WMF bought ORIVIT.

WMF produced items with the name ORIVIT until 1914.

Orivit marks

Pre WMF

After WMF

Orivit examples

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Polished pewter WMF mustard-pot.

Vienna Secessionist style.

Germany – 1906

WMF mark

The Austrian Artistic Movement

Vienna Secession

In 1897 a group of Artists, such as Otto Wagner and his gifted students, Joseph Hoffmann and Joseph Olbrich, with Gustav Klimt, Koloman Moser and others aspired to the renaissance of the arts and crafts and to bring more abstract and purer forms to the designs of buildings and furniture, glass and metalwork, following the concept of total work of art and to do so they tried to bring together Symbolists, Naturalists, Modernists and Stylists.
They gave birth to another form of modernism in the visual arts and they named their own new movement: Secession (Wiener Secession). As the name indicates, this movement represented a protest, of the younger generation against the traditional art of their forebears, a “separation” from the past towards the future.

Another examples for the Vienna Secessionist Style

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Many devices have been used to curl, wave, crimp or straighten the hair.

Some used heat, such as the curling tongs on display which would be placed

over the small spirit burner in order to heat them.

WMF MARKS

WMF – ostrich mark

I/O (Normal thickness of gilding or silver-plating, i.e. one gram of deposited silver spread over an area of one square decimeter)

OX (oxidized)

Did you know…the first real hair-stylists were the ancient Assyrians who

cut, curled and crimped their hair over 3,500 years ago.

Statue of Ashurnasirpal II Neo-Assyrian – 883-859 BC

Did you know…that the saying ‘keep your hair on’ is a reference to the

period when men wore wigs and would remove them to fight.

Charles II – Direct descendant of Louis XIII’s wig.

Did you know…that in the Court of Queen Elizabeth I, red hair became

fashionable and some women tinted their hair with saffron and sulphur

power to make it look red.

The Rainbow Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I by Isaac Oliver.

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ART NOUVEAU / JUGENDSTIL

WMF (Württembergische Metallwaren Fabrik)

COPPER INKWELL / INK STAND

GERMANY, ca. 1890 – 1900

MARKED WITH THE EARLY WMF STRAUSS MARK.

The German factory W.M.F. produced some of the most elegant and evocative metalware in the ART NOUVEAU style from the beginning of the 20th century until the start of World War I.

The Wurttemberg Electroplate Company was founded in 1853 by Daniel Staub in Geislingen.

It was renamed the Wurttembergische Metallwaren Fabrik – known as WMF- in 1880 following an amalgamation of several firms.

The company began with only 16 workers, but by 1914 the enterprise had grown to some 6,000 employees, with factories in Germany, Poland, and Austria, and showrooms in London, Paris, Hamburg and Berlin.

The sphinx Sign of wisdom and protection. With a human head, body of a beast, the sphinx had access to all wisdom and strength. Symbolised the riddle of human existence.

Symbol of Ra – The Winged Disc

The Divine Logo combined with wings becomes the Symbol of Ra and is used to represent the creative elements of nature. The Divine Logo represents the mathematics of creation while the wings represent the coming forth out of creation.

The Symbol of Ra is a representation of Creation and Nature. That is what the teachings of the Summum Principles are about, and that is the meaning behind Summum’s use of this symbol. Its also indicates membership in an organization of people dedicated to attaining personal ascension and represents membership in the organization of Summum.

The ancient Egyptians believed that a winged disc or gemstone would protect the wearer from evil. With the discovery of King Tut’s tomb in 1922, this and many other Egyptian-inspired motifs influenced design in the mid 1920s

WMF (Würtemburgische Machin Fabrik), formed in 1850 from Straub & Sohn and A Ritter & Co. and famous for art metalware. A variety of marks have been used during their 150 years of production. The well known ‘ostrich’ mark originates from the German word for ostrich, ‘Der Strauss’ after Daniel Straub, one of the founders. The ‘G’ in the mark stands for the town of Geislingen, near Ulm in Baden-Würtemburg. This beehive mark was introduced in 1909. A version of the beehive with clear top was introduced in 1910 for the French market.

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