Posts Tagged ‘cross of lorraine’

Another examples of french plates


The Cross of Lorraine

Drawings of insignia – Circular 13 November 1943.

Admiral Thierry d’Argenlieu was responsible for the adoption of the cross by Free France in 1940. He wrote to de Gaulle that the Free French needed their own cross to stand against the Nazi swastika. In his general order of 3 July 1940, the day after his appointment as commander of the Free French naval and air forces, Vice-Admiral Emile Muselier (1882-1965), created an emblem for the French forces rallied to de Gaulle in the form of a bowsprit flag (a blue square with a red cross of Lorraine in the centre, in opposition to the swastika) for the naval vessels and, for the Free French aircraft, a roundel featuring the Lorraine cross.

Emile Henry Muselier

Emile Henry Muselier (Marseilles, 17 April 1882 – Toulon, 2 September 1965) was a French admiral who led the Free French Naval Forces (Forces navales françaises libres, or FNFL) during World War II. He was responsible for the idea of distinguishing his fleet from that of Vichy France by adopting the Cross of Lorraine, which later became the emblem of all of the Free French. After entering the French Naval Academy (École Navale) in 1899, he embarked on a brilliant and eventful military career. He ran unsuccessfully in the legislative elections of 1946 as vice-president of the Rally of Republican Lefts (Rassemblement des gauches républicaines), and then entered private life as a consulting engineer before his retirement in 1960. He is buried in the cemetery of St. Pierre, at Marseilles.

Flag of Admiral Muselier

The flag was vertically hoisted in his office in London and could also be used on board. Its most probable size was 0.9 m x 0.9 m. The flag has a dark blue field with a red cross of Lorraine and the worlds HONNEUR and PATRIE, in gold letters, flanking the cross.

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