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Archive for the ‘Porcelain’ Category

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Japanese pottery teapot, plate and tea bowl with lid. The marks indicate that the pottery was produced and decorated by Gyozan, Kyoto pottery, in first half of the 20th century.

At the beginning of the 20th century, Gyouzan began to export the reproductions of Ninsei and Kenzan and original Kyo-Satsuma ware.

Gyozan Mark

gyouzan-or-gyozan gyozan-3

gyozan-4-1

 

gyozan-6

gyozan-2

 

Factory girls decorating cheap pottery for the foreign markets, Kyoto, Japan, 1904.

Kyō ware 1904 2.jpg

 

 

 

 

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my nippon vases1

my nippon vases3

Here is a pair of beautiful Nippon vases in a lovely celestial blue and pink pattern. The hand painted landscape scene depicts a lake, trees, a little house and a pretty sky. Both have the same image and both are painted this same way front and back. The moriage work is used to frame the landscape. The decoration is inspired by the late-Rococo porcelain styles of Germany and France. There is some loss of gold on the Japanese Chin (*) dog handles, and normal signs of wear as appropriate with age. Unmarked, but I believe this to be original Nippon porcelain from the late 19th Century or early 20th Century. Measurements: Height: 5.9″

(*) The Japanese Chin, also known as the Japanese Spaniel is another dog breed that resembles Chinese guardian lions , also called Fu (or Foo) Lions, and originates in China. Professor Ludvic von Schulmuth studied canine origins by studying the skeletal remains of dogs found in human settlements as long as ten thousand years ago. The Professor created a genealogical tree of Tibetan dogs that shows the “Gobi Desert Kitchen Midden Dog”, a scavenger, evolved into the “Small Soft-Coated Drop-Eared Hunting Dog”. From this dog evolved the Tibetan Spaniel, Pekingese, and Japanese Chin.

my nippon vases4

my nippon vases6

my nippon vases7

Nippon Porcelain

The Japanese did not begin exporting their porcelain until the 17th century. It was at that time that a civil war caused the Chinese exporting to halt, prompting the Dutch to convince the Japanese to begin exporting to fill the European demand for porcelain.

Nippon porcelain production began in 1891, when exporting to America was opened, and ended in 1921 when a tariff stating that items had to be plainly marked in English was enacted. The name Nippon simply means Japan. It is not a type of porcelain, but rather a time period that porcelain contained the mark of Nippon.

In general, unmarked Nippon is prior to March 1891; however, this is not a hard and fast rule. Until import laws were clarified, some USA ports allowed goods to enter the country as long as the crate or box was marked with the originating country.

In its day, the Nippon porcelain was inexpensive and often seen as not worthy of collecting. Today, it is not only popular in America, but also Japan and very expensive to collect.

Pieces such as vases, pots and plates were decorated using distinctive decorating techniques.  Nippon porcelain was wholly hand painted until 1904. After 1904, piece began appearing with decals and stencil designs.  Many of them were decorated using materials which are no longer available nowadays. It would be very difficult to bring these techniques and materials back into today’s ceramic industry. The decorating techniques include the following:

Moriage 盛り上げ

Moriage is the term used to describe the layering of small beads or lines of slip clay onto the surface of the pottery, vase or bowl to create three dimensional decorative effects.

There are three basic methods for applying the moriage designs. One is by hand rolling and shaping. The second makes use of tubing. The tubing was filled with softened clay and applied to the porcelain much as we decorate cakes today. The third technique is to reduce the clay to a liquid state and brush it on items. Moriage designs are innumerable and varied. They include border trimmings, lacy designs, and floral motifs.

moriage 16

moriage 17

moriage 2moriage 6moriage 3

MORIAGE 1

Kin-mori 金盛 or Gold Moriage 金彩

The Moriage were often painted gold after the glaze had been applied, giving the pottery item a unique and special finish. The beads were all placed onto the pottery by hand before it was fired in the kiln. Later, when the mass production of such items was started, the addition of the slip clay beads was replaced by adding small dots of enamel which speeded up the production time of each of the items.

Kin-mori1

enamel-mori agold moriageKin-mori2

Jewel ジュエル

This is a raised decoration using glassy pigments that looks like a jewel embedded in the enamel. The colours used are red, yellow, blue, green, and pink. Also known as “Hoseki-mori”.

hoseki-mori bhoseki-mori c

hoseki-mori dhoseki-mori e

hoseki-mori ghoseki-mori h

hoseki mori j

hoseki mori ihoseki-mori a

Cobalt コバルト

Cobalt blue was the primary blue pigment used in Chinese blue and white porcelain for centuries, beginning in the late 8th or early 9th century.

cobalt 3

cobalt 1cobalt 2

cobalt 5cobalt nippon unmarked

Cerulean blue is much used for colouring pottery, and consists of 79 parts of grey flux (fondant aux gris), 7 of carbonate of cobalt, 14 hydrated carbonate. The name of this 19th blue pigment was based on the Latin word “caeruleum” (sky or heavens) previously used in Classical Antiquity to refer to numerous blue pigments. The quite numerous versions of cobalt cerulean already offer quite a various range of undertones.

ceruleancerulean vase

cerulean zzcerulean 2

Designs デザインパターン

Images and patterns are drawn directly onto ceramics by highly skilled craftsmen. These designs are based on complicated, elegant curves and light pastel colours. The paintings were greatly influenced by traditional European decorative style.

Landscape 風景

landscape 0SEP08_Day1_A.qxdlandscape 3

landscape 9

landscape 4landscape 5landscape 6

landscape 8

landscape 11landscape 20landscape 24

landscape 21

nippon moriage vase 3nippon moriage vase 7nippon moriage vase 5

Old Swan

landscape 7

landscape 22

Portrait ポートレート

Japanese Josephine portraitJosephine

Japanese kmpKMP berlin

Japanese Mucha vaseAlfons Maria Mucha Sarah Bernhardt

portrait

geisha-girl-18.3




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my tete a tete set  3

my tete a tete set  2

my tete a tete set  5

This is a “tête-à-tête” coffee set, and consisting of five pieces; one coffee pot, one creamer, two saucers and serving tray, each one finely hand painted with applied leaves and grains of coffee. This lovely little set was manufactured by William Guerin and Co., Limoges, France and designed exclusively to Gath & Chaves, Buenos Aires, Argentina. The mark indicates that it was made sometime between 1900 and 1932.

my tete a tete set 1

I put on the table a beautiful old piece of French cotton lace. This midnight blue lace has an exquisite pattern with oak leaves and acorns. The mighty oak is a symbol of strength, refuge, longevity and resilience.

my tete a tete set  9

my tete a tete set mark

Limoges & Guerin

Limoges has become the generic name of hard paste porcelain that was produced during the 18th, 19th and into the 20th century in one of the many factories in Limoges, a French town situated about 250 miles southwest of Paris in the Vienne valley. Each factory used a unique factory back stamp or underglaze mark. Each piece of Limoges was produced using the same formula of feldspar, kaolin and quartz. Each piece was subjected to the same intense firing process of about 900 degrees for 16 hours, followed by the glazing process, and yet another firing at approximately 2,000 degrees Fahrenheit for eight more hours.

modeling

Limoges in the early 1800s was making the finest, purest white porcelain in the world. By the 1830s, there were at least 35 porcelain factories and 62 decorating studios operating in the Limoges region.

polishing cups

William Guerin (1838-1912) was born near Limoges and trained in porcelain techniques. In 1836, he rented a porcelain decorating workshop in the Faubourg Montjovis (Limoges), doing export.

About 1872, Guerin took over the porcelain workshop of Lebron & Cie. Then in 1877 he bought the porcelain factory that had been established by Jouhanneaud and Dubois in Rue du Petit-Tour (Limoges), and which had been bought in 1867 by the Utzschneider Company of Sarregemines. This enlarged company produced a wide range of wares, selling a lot of white ware and also continuing decoration.

Guerin’s sons William and Andre joined the company in 1903. In 1911 W. Guerin & Cie. merged with the nearby Pouyat factory. Possibly both company marks were continued; in any case WWI greatly decreased output.

In 1920 or 1921 by Bawo & Dotter Ltd., owner of Elite name, bought Guerin & Cie and became Guerin Pouyat Elite, with Carl Bawo as technical director from 1923. The factory closed in 1932 and was demolished in 1933.

green mark 1870green mark 1891- 1932blue mark 2 1891- 1932blue mark 1891- 1932

Guerin and HuebkenGuerin -Dulin and Martinguerin mark 1891L

Guerin mark 1896Guerin markGuerin and Marriott

“Tête-à-tête”

One characteristic phenomenon of the Biedermeier period (1815–1850s) was the emphasis on the private sphere. Interiors became comfortable, reception rooms evolved into living rooms, and the decorative arts concentrated on items of personal delight. The tête-à-tête (French, face to face) is a prime example. It is a small coffee, tea or chocolate service for two persons. Usually, such sets were made out of porcelain or silver.

wedgwood Bone china late 19thCapo di Monte style 20th

1930 en Czechoslovakie bMeissen

Samson of ParisSt. Petersburg 1752-96

tête à tête Couleuvre 1950Limoges Cobalt 1922-28

breakfast set kimberly patterncoffee service portrait of a womanDéjeuner Culture et Récolte du Cacao Sevres 1836

French porcelain 20thGermany porcelainLimoges breakfast set

KMP Berlin 1914-18Italian 20thKMP Berlin

limoges coffee setLimoges Robert Hessler 20thMeissen style

Limoges Guerin PouyatLimoges Soudana & Touze 1920-42Manufacture Pouyat, Limoges 1862 blanc de Limoges

Milton 20thNymphenburgRoyal Berlin 1840

Royal Vienna 1815Service À Café - Thé - Porcelaine De LimogesVieux Paris  Louis-Philippe 1840

Sevres 20thtête à tête en porcelaine polychrometete a tete french 18th

William Guerin 1863-1881

William Guerin 1863-1881



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mi-rosenthal1

mi-rosenthal-2

This is a very decorative and highly collectible Rosenthal porcelain trinket box, beautiful decorated with wonderful roses on the top and sides, and gold adornment around the rim of the lid. The box is marked on the bottom with green printed marks “Rosenthal, Bavaria E” (1919-1935).

mi-rosenthal-41


mi-rosenthal-mark

Some Examples of Rosenthal Boxes

bjorn-wiinbladdose-in-eiform-rosenthal-19271bjorn-wiinblad-boxchippendale-1940rosenthal-aladin

rosenthal-1910-20bjorn-wiinblad-2rosenthal-blumenstraus-motiv

rosenthal-1930-brosenthal-1952rosenthal-1930

rosenthal-blumendekorrosenthal-box-1940rosenthal-box-contemporaryrosenthal-box-kurt-wendler-1927rosenthal-box-studio-linie

rosenthal-box-1rosenthal-1938-mit-moosrosendekorrosenthal-deckel-pfau

rosenthal-box-peynetrosenthal-deckeldose-1920-brosenthal-box-a

rosenthal-deckeldoserosenthal-deckeldose-1920rosenthal-deckeldose-1930rosenthal-green-stamp-1920

rosenthal-box-1950rosenthal-romanze-3rosenthal-peynet-1950-brosenthal-romanze1

rosenthal-doserosenthal-dresser-boxrosenthal-dose-1965rosenthal-quatre-couleurs

rosenthal-rhododendronrosenthal-romanze-2rosenthal-rosari-dekor1rosenthal-studio-linie-bjorn-windblad

rosenthal-trinket-box1rosenthal-trinket-box-arosenthal-versacerosenthaldose-1965


Rosenthal, Design for Creative Consumers

Founded in 1879, Rosenthal has been Germany’s leading maker of fine porcelain for more than 125 years.

rosenthal_konzern

Rosenthal worked closely together with about 1000 designers, artists, architects and couturiers. These highly talented men came from all around the world and included such names as:

Bjoern Wiinblad (Denmark )

prinsessa-bjorn-wiinblad-1950bjorn-wiinblad-swan-and-a-nymph

Constantin Holzer-Defanti (Austrian)


constantin-holzer-defanti-1919pierrot-constantin-holzer-defanti-1920

Ernst Wenck (Germany)

ernst-wenck-1938-germanyernst-wenck-1900

Ferdinand Liebermann (Germany)


ferdinand-liebermann-1910-1920

ferdinand-liebermann-1910

Georg Küspert (Germany)

georg-kuspert-1971

georg-kuspert-1972

Gerhard Schliepstein (Germany)


gerhard-schliepstein-1925gerhard-schliepstein-1930

gerhard-schliepstein-1937

Gianni Versace (Italy)


rosenthal-versace-barocco-vaseversace

gianni-versace-plate

Hans Theo Baumann (Germany)

hans-theo-baumannhans-theo-baumann-2

Raymond Loewy (France)

raymond-loewy raymond-loewy-2

Raymond Peynet (France)

raymony-peynet-1957raymond-peynet-les-amoureux-avec-coeurs-1958

Richard Aigner (Germany)

richard-aignerrichard-aigner-1910

Tapio Wirkkala (Findland) tapio-wirkkala-paper-bag-vase

tapio-wirkkala-tea-set

Walter Gropius (Germany)

walter-gropius-1969

walter-gropius-tea-set-1969


Andy Warhol (USA)


andy-warhol-beethoven-porcelain-wall1

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my-royal-doulton-marigold

Four Royal Doulton “Marigold” coffee cups and saucers partially hand painted in absolutely fabulous condition for year. We judge this to be early pieces, rarely available, about 1917.

my-royal-doulton-marigold-2

Royal Doulton

Royal Doulton has been producing porcelain ceramics and tableware for approximately 200 years.
While founded back in 1793, the company that was to become associated with the term “Royal Doulton” was originally negaged in the production of industrial porcelain, such as tiles and storage containers for chemicals. Royal Doulton porcelain marks appear in 1872 on its decorative and dinnerware pieces.

The Royal Doulton mark has been used continuously since 1902 until the present.

Royal Doulton Marks

18821
1882
1899-whisky-mark2
1899 whisky mark
1902-22-and-1927-36
1902/22 and 1927/36

1902-1922
1902/1922
1915 green mark
1915 Green mark
1922
1922
1922/56 without the crown
1922/56 without the crown
1932
1932
1932/1935
1932/1935
1982/1988
1982/1988

little-bridesmaid-figurinemarkmarigold-mark

mark-ironstone-old-colony1pitcher-mark

plate-markshaving-mug-1920

Royal Doulton Examples

chelsea-bird-plateroyal-doulton-1royal-doulton-2

royal-doulton-3-carlyleroyal-doulton-4royal-doulton-5

royal-doulton-6royal-doulton-7royal-doulton-8royal-doulton-9

royal-doulton-11-1930royal-doulton-10royal-doulton-13

royal-doulton-15royal-doulton-ironstoneroyal-doulton-ironstone-2royal-doulton-14-kingswood

royal-doulton-ironstone-platter

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This is a very pretty round serving bowl that is divided into three semi-circular sections. It is decorated in art deco style. Signed with the Moriyama Mori-Machi logo and imprinted with the words “Hand Painted Japan” on the bottom. This pattern is dated from the 1920’s. It measures approx. 10″ in diameter.

Moriyama Mori-Machi Pottery

Moriyama Pottery was located in Mori-Machi in Shizuoka Prefecture. Moriyama Pottery was established in 1911 by Hidekichi Nakamura who was taught pottery making by Seison Suzuki. There are currently four studios continuing the Moriyama tradition in and around Mori-machi and they are Seison, Seizon, Nakamura and Tame. There seems to be two primary stamps: one appears to be a crown with a wreath of leaves similar to the wreath found on the Noritake stamp. This stamp is marked “Moriyama Hand Paint Japan.” The other is a bouquet of flowers and is marked “Moriyama Made in Japan.”

Moriyama Mori-Machi Marks

Moriyama examples

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This is a French faience milk pitcher (pot à lait ) with a brown glaze ” terre carmélite “. A fine example by the renowned French faiencerie Sarreguemines. It is clearly marked with the impressed Sarreguemines mark, France and the numeric code 6B in black, c.1910.

Sarreguemines: Two Centuries of Faience

  • 1790 Production started in 1790 when Nicolas-Henri Jacobi, set up the first factory despite the unfavourable economic climate. Napoleon I became one of his best customers and ordered several pieces. The business expanded so much that he had to open new workshops .

  • 1800 Paul Utzschneider took over the factory and introduced new decorating techniques.

  • 1810 New lands colored appear: terre carmélite (brown), terre d’Egypte (black) and terre de Naples (yelow).
  • 1836 Utzschneider handed over the management of the factory to his son-in-law, Alexandre de Geiger.

  • 1838 Alexandre de Geiger associated himself with Villeroy & Boch. This agreement contributed to the growth of production.
  • 1871 Following the annexation of the Moselle to Germany, Alexandre de Geiger left Sarreguemines and retired in Paris. His son, Paul de Geiger, took over the management. Two new factories were constructed at Digoin and Vitry-le-François.

  • 1913 The Utzschneider & Cie was split into two companies, one responsible for the establishment in Sarreguemines and the other for the French factories.
  • 1919 After the First World War, they were united under the name of Sarreguemines – Digoin – Vitry-le-François and run by the Cazal family.
  • 1940-1944 During the Second World War,the faience factories were sequestered and their management entrusted to Villeroy & Boch between 1942 and 1944.
  • 1979 After stopping production of porcelain and majolica, the company was bought over by the Lunéville – Badonviller – Saint Clément group, and then took the name of Sarreguemines – Bâtiment in 1982.
  • Today Sarreguemines Vaisselle remains one of the leading porcelain manufacturers in the world. The factory produces about 5000 tons of porcelain each year or about 13 million pieces.

The Sarreguemines Faience

The term faience comes from a kind of brightly-colored glazed earthenware developed during the Renaissance in France and Italy. The word is derived from Faenza, a town in Italy, where factories making the tin-glazed earthenware called majolica were prevalent.

Sarreguemines marks

Pots, cruches et boites by Bernard Bassac

Pots, cruches et boites by Bernard Bassac

 

 

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