The double bass is typically constructed from several types of wood, including maple for the back, spruce for the top, and ebony for the fingerboard. Double bass is very sensitive to changes in heat and humidity, which can cause cracks in tops.
It is uncertain whether the instrument is a descendant of the viola da gamba or of the violin, but it is traditionally aligned with the violin family.
All of the Viennese classical masters used this instrument in non-orchestral works. Beginning with the concerto by Joseph Haydn (cir. 1763, now lost), concertos followed by K. Kohaut (1765), D. J. Kneissel, B. R. Roslaub (Burgsteinfurt, Concerto No. 3), Dittersdorf (2), W. Pichi (2), A. Zimmermann, J. K. Vanhal, F. A. Hoffmeister (3), L. A. Kozeluch, and J. M. Sperger (18). The most important representatives of the Viennese school were: Josef Kämpfer (1734-after 1796); Friedrich Pischelberger (1741-1813); and Johannes Mathias Sperger (1750-1812). The playing of these musicians did not go unknown to Leopold Mozart, who (after his first visit to Vienna) added the following remarks to the double bass article in the second edition of his Violinschulë: “One can bring forth difficult passages easier with the five-string violone, and I heard unusually beautiful performances of concertos, trios, solos, etc. (on this instrument).” W. A. Mozart also added a contribution to the classical concert literature of the double bass. The obligato part of the concert aria K. 612 marked the high point of the solo music for the double bass of the classical period and at the same time, marked the end of this genre.
In addition, it is used in other genres such as Jazz, 1950s-style Blues and Rock and Roll, and Tango. Because an unamplified upright bass is generally the quietest instrument in a jazz band, many players of the 1920s and 1930s used the slap style, slapping and pulling the strings so that they make a rhythmic “slap” sound against the fingerboard.
Jack Lesberg (February 14, 1920 – September 17, 2005) was a jazz double-bassist. He performed with many famous jazz musicians, including Louis Armstrong, Sarah Vaughan, and Benny Goodman. Lesberg played violin in clubs before switching to the double bass in the late 1930s. He also performed with the New York City Symphony Orchestra, under Leonard Bernstein, and later with the Sydney Symphony. Orchestra.