Archive for June, 2008

This is a very early 20th electric fan made in germany.

Original nickel plated and dark wood body.

IXA (7″ german fan):

  • Did you know…Schuyler Skaats Wheeler (May 17, 1860 – April 20, 1923) was an American engineer who invented the two-blade electric fan in 1882 at age 22.

  • Did you know…though they were built very well internally, they were far from finger safe, as a lot of them had cage openings so big that one could put an entire hand or arm through it. Many children had hands and fingers severely injured by those fans.

1896 crocker wheeler fan


  • 1734 Frenchman John Theophilus Desagulier invents the paddle fan to ventilate mines
  • 1882 Schuyler Skaats Wheeler invents the electric fan
  • 1889 Philip H. Diehl patents the ceiling fan
  • 1894 German professor Hermann Rietchel publishes Guide to Calculating and Design of Ventilation and Heating Installations
  • 1896 the fan with more than two blades are produced

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Sri Lanka has a rich culture of theatre called Kolam and exorcism called Thovil which make use of actors, exorcists, masks, music and dance. The Sanni Yakuma is the best known exorcism ritual, in which numerous Sanni (disease) demons are portrayed by exorcists wearing elaborate masks. Occasionally the full complement of 18 possible disease demons is represented in the Daha Ata Sanniya (18 diseases) ritual, but usually a smaller number are used according to which demons are thought to be causing a person’s affliction. The exorcism ends with the appearance of an exorcist wearing the mask of the chief demon called Maha Kola (the terrific or all encompassing one), which usually incorporates miniature representations of the other 18 demons.

Maha Kola Mask, Sri Lanka

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Hand painted by V. Goizauskas

Hutschenreuther – Hohenberg


Founded in 1814

Present Founder: Carl Magnus Hutschenreuther

This factory was set up by Carl Magnus Hutschenreuther, a porcelain painter previously working at the Wallendorf factory. After his death in 1845 the factory was lead bay his widow, Frau Johanna Hutschenreuther and sons. From 1860 they produced luxurious and gilded porcelains with careful hand painting. A large part of the works was destroyed by fire in 1848. Even today the “Porzellanfabrik” C.M. Hutschenreuter is one of the greates porcelain factories in Germany. The firm of L.Hutschenreuther at Selb Bavaria was founded by Carl’s sons Lorenz and Christian around 1856. The mark for C.M. Hutschenreuther is a shield with a crown over it and the initials JHR Hutschenreuther Selb as well as the lion mark. In the early part of the 20th century, Hutschenreuther grew quickly by absorbing factories at Altrohlau (1909), Arzburg (1918 ) and Tirschenreuth (1927). The branches of the company were united in 1969. Hutschenreuther was a trendsetter and enabled Germany to gain a excellent reputation in the European china industry. The Hutschenreuther “mark of the Lion” is a symbol of excellence that continues to this day. It is now known as Hutschenreuther AG.

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Snuff box ” LA BIENNOISE”, trademark.

African acajou wood and metal silver, c.1870s,

8,5 X 4,5 cm.

One of the more functional types of decorative boxes is the snuff box, which is now largely a relic of the once popular practice of taking snuff. At one time, this tiny decorative but utilitarian box was an indispensable accessory for every man of birth and breeding from the 18th century through the middle of the 19th century.
Artisans, such as the jeweller and the enameller bestowed infinite pains upon this object, which was as much a delicate bijou as a piece of utility. Gentlemen of Quality, fops, and dandies possessed a great variety of snuff-boxes, some of which were quite rich in detail, with frames of gold encased with diamonds. Other boxes were more ordinary. Made with potato-pulp, the cheapest wood available, they were extensively used.

Snuff is a generic term for fine-ground smokeless tobacco products. Originally the term referred only to dry snuff, a fine tan dust popular mainly in the eighteenth century. This is often called “Scotch Snuff”, a folk-etymology derivation of the scorching process used to dry the cured tobacco by the factory. Snuff powder originated in the UK town of Great Harwood and was famously ground in the town’s monument prior to local distribution and transport further up north to Scotland
Types of Snuff
European (dry) snuff is intended to be sniffed up the nose. Snuff is not “snorted” because snuff shouldn’t get past the nose, i.e.; into sinuses, throat or lungs. European snuff comes in several varieties: Plain, Toast (fine ground – very dry), “Medicated” (menthol, camphor, eucalyptus, etc.), Scented, and Schmalzler, a German variety. The major brand names of European snuffs are: Toque Tobacco (UK), Bernards (Germany), Fribourg & Treyer (UK), Gawith (UK), Gawith Hoggarth] (UK), Hedges (UK), Lotzbeck (Germany), McChrystal’s (UK), Pöschl (Germany) and Wilsons of Sharrow (UK), TUTUN-CTC (Moldova).

Another “La Biennoise” snuff box

  • Did you know… Snus (Swedish: “snuff”) is a moist powder tobacco product that is consumed by placing it under the upper lip for extended periods of time. It was originally developed from powdered snuff that was inhaled through the nostrils. Snus is manufactured and consumed primarily in Sweden and Norway. A version has recently been introduced into the United States and is being test-marketed by two major American tobacco companies as well as one Swedish company. However, the health effects of these new versions of snus have not yet been studied.
  • Did you know… the first tobacco plantation was in the United States? It was established in Virginia in 1612!

« Snuff box » a BBC Three sketch show

Snuff Box (sometimes referred to as Berry & Fulcher’s Snuff Box) is a BBC Three sketch show starring and written by Matt Berry and Rich Fulcher. If you enjoy the weird and wacky, cult style comedy then Snuff Box is a must watch.

Berry and Fulcher walking down the corridor

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